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How to use this Website?

This website is for medical and paramedical professionals working in the field of spinal cord injuries. It contains learning modules for the whole team as well as for doctors, nurses, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, assistive technologists, social workers, psychologists and peer counsellors. The modules are intended for medical and paramedical students and junior clinicians. Others who have yet not assimilated sufficient knowledge on comprehensive management.

Management of the genitourinary system and bladder

  1. The prevention and management of urinary tract infections among people with spinal cord injuries. National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research consensus statement. January 27-29, 1992. SCI nursing: a publication of the American Association of Spinal Cord Injury Nurses 1993; 10: 49-61.
  2. Cox AJ, Hukins DW, Sutton TM. Infection of catheterised patients: bacterial colonisation of encrusted Foley catheters shown by scanning electron microscopy. Urological research 1989; 17: 349-352.
  3. Kunin CM. Blockage of urinary catheters: role of microorganisms and constituents of the urine on formation of encrustations. Journal of clinical epidemiology 1989; 42: 835-842.
  4. Lawrenson R, Wyndaele JJ, Vlachonikolis I, Farmer C, Glickman S. Renal failure in patients with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction. Neuroepidemiology 2001; 20: 138-143.
  5. McLean, RJC, Stickler DJ ,Nickel JC .Biofilm mediated calculus formation in the urinary tract. Cells and Materials 1996 6: 165-174
  6. McLean, RJC, Stickler DJ ,Nickel JC .Biofilm mediated calculus formation in the urinary tract.             Cells and Materials 1996 6: 165-174.
  7. Mobley HL, Warren JW. Urease-positive bacteriuria and obstruction of long-term urinary catheters. Journal of clinical microbiology 1987; 25: 2216-2217.
  8. Soden RJ, Walsh J, Middleton JW, Craven ML, Rutkowski SB, Yeo JD. Causes of death after spinal cord injury. Spinal cord 2000; 38: 604-610.
  9. Stickler D, Ganderton L, King J, Nettleton J, Winters C. Proteus mirabilis biofilms and the encrustation of urethral catheters. Urological research 1993; 21: 407-411.
  10. Stover SL, Lloyd LK, Waites KB, Jackson AB. Urinary tract infection in spinal cord injury. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation 1989; 70: 47-54.
  11. Wyndaele JJ, Bruschini H, Madersbacher H, Moore K, Pontari M, Wein A. Neurological patients need evidence-based urological care. Neurourology and urodynamics 2010; 29: 662-669.
  12. Wyndaele JJ, Thi HV, Pham BC, Kovindha A, Huong VT, Weerts E. The use of one-channel water cystometry in patients with a spinal cord lesion: practicalities, clinical value and limitations for the diagnosis of neurogenic bladder dysfunction. Spinal cord 2009; 47: 526-530.