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How to use this Website?

This website is for medical and paramedical professionals working in the field of spinal cord injuries. It contains learning modules for the whole team as well as for doctors, nurses, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, assistive technologists, social workers, psychologists and peer counsellors. The modules are intended for medical and paramedical students and junior clinicians. Others who have yet not assimilated sufficient knowledge on comprehensive management.

Poor skill: assessing and treating

1.         Boswell-Ruys CL, Harvey LA, Barker JJ, Ben M, Middleton JW, Lord SR. Training unsupported sitting in people with chronic spinal cord injuries: a randomized controlled trial. Spinal Cord 2009; 48: 138-143.

2.         Carr JH, Shepherd RB. A motor relearning model for rehabilitation. In: Carr JH and Shepherd RB (ed). Movement science: Foundations for physical therapy in rehabilitation. Aspen Publishers: Rockville, MD 2000, pp 33-110.

3.         Gentile AM. Skill acquisition: action, movement, and neuromotor processes. In: Carr JH and Shepherd RB (ed). Movement science: Foundations for physical therapy in rehabilitation. Aspen Publishers: Rockville, MD 2000, pp 111-187.

4.         Harvey L, Ristev D, Hossain M, Hossain M, Bowden J, Boswell-Ruys C. et al. Training unsupported sitting does not improve ability to sit in people with recently-acquired paraplegia: a randomised controlled trial. J Physiother 2011; 57: 83-90.

5.         Mehrholz J, Kugler J, Pohl M. Locomotor training for walking after spinal cord injury. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2008: CD006676.

6.         Orrell AJ, Eves FF, Masters RS. Motor learning of a dynamic balancing task after stroke: implicit implications for stroke rehabilitation. Phys Ther 2006; 86: 369-380.

7.         Parry R. A video analysis of how physiotherapists communicate with patients about errors of performance: insights for practice and policy. Physiotherapy 2005; 91: 204-214.

8.         Popovic MR, Thrasher TA, Adams ME, Takes V, Zivanovic V, Tonack MI. Functional electrical therapy: retraining grasping in spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 2006; 44: 143-151.

9.         Shumway-Cook A, Woollacott MH. Motor control: Issues and theories. (ed). Motor control. theory and practical applications. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins: Philadelphia 2001, pp 1-25.

10.       Tremblay L, Welsh TN, Elliott D. Specificity versus variability: effects of practice conditions on the use of afferent information for manual aiming. Motor Control 2001; 5: 347-360.

11.       Wirz M, Zemon DH, Rupp R, Scheel A, Colombo G, Dietz V. et al. Effectiveness of automated locomotor training in patients with chronic incomplete spinal cord injury: a multicenter trial. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2005; 86: 672-680.

12.       Wolpaw JR. Treadmill training after spinal cord injury: good but not better. Neurology 2006; 66: 466-467.

13.       Yang JF, Gorassini M. Spinal and brain control of human walking: implications for retraining of walking. Neuroscientist 2006; 12: 379-389.