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How to use this Website?

This website is for medical and paramedical professionals working in the field of spinal cord injuries. It contains learning modules for the whole team as well as for doctors, nurses, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, assistive technologists, social workers, psychologists and peer counsellors. The modules are intended for medical and paramedical students and junior clinicians. Others who have yet not assimilated sufficient knowledge on comprehensive management.

Upper limb function: understanding movement

1.         Beekhuizen KS, Field-Fote EC. Massed practice versus massed practice with stimulation: effects on upper extremity function and cortical plasticity in individuals with incomplete cervical spinal cord injury. Neurorehabil Neural Repair 2005; 19: 33-45.

2.         Coates S, Harvey L, Dunlop S, Allison G. The AuSpinal: a test of hand function for people with tetraplegia. Spinal Cord 2011; 49: 219-229.

3.         Connolly S, Aubut J, Teasell RW, Jarus T. Upper limb rehabilitation following spinal cord injury. In: Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation Evidence (SCIRE), Eng JJ, et al., Editors. 2006: Vancouver. pp 5.1-5.16.

4.         Consortium for Spinal Cord Medicine. Preservation of upper limb function following spinal cord injury: what you should know. A guide for people with spinal cord injury. 2008, Washington, DC: Paralyzed Veterans of America.

5.         Curtin M. An analysis of tetraplegic hand grips. Br J Occup Ther 1999; 62: 444-450.

6.         DiPasquale-Lehnerz P. Orthotic intervention for development of hand function with C-6 quadriplegia. Am J Occup Ther 1994; 48: 138-144.

7.         Harvey L. Principles of conservative management for a non-orthotic tenodesis grip in tetraplegics. J Hand Ther 1996; 9: 238-242.

8.         Harvey LA, Batty J, Jones R, Crosbie J. Hand function of C6 and C7 tetraplegics 1-16 years following injury. Spinal Cord 2001; 39: 37-43.

9.         Johanson ME, Murray WM. The unoperated hand: the role of passive forces in hand function after tetraplegia. Hand Clin 2002; 18: 391-398.

10.       Land NE, Odding E, Duivenvoorden HJ, Bergen MP, Stam HJ. Tetraplegia Hand Activity Questionnaire (THAQ): the development, assessment of arm-hand function-related activities in tetraplegic patients with a spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 2004; 42: 294-301.

11.       Marino RJ, Shea JA, Stineman MG. The Capabilities of Upper Extremity instrument: reliability and validity of a measure of functional limitation in tetraplegia. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1998; 79: 1512-1521.

12.       Peckham PH, Gorman PH. Functional electrical stimulation in the 21st century. Top Spinal Cord Inj Rehabil 2004; 10: 126-150.

13.       Popovic MR, Thrasher TA, Adams ME, Takes V, Zivanovic V, Tonack MI. Functional electrical therapy: retraining grasping in spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 2006; 44: 143-151.

14.       Post MWM, Van Lieshout G, Seelen HAM, Snoek GJ, IJzerman MJ, Pons C. Measurement properties of the short version of the Van Lieshout test for arm/hand function of persons with tetraplegia after spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 2006; 44: 763-771.

15.       Snoek GJ, IJzerman MJ, in 't Groen FA, Stoffers TS, Zilvold G. Use of the NESS handmaster to restore handfunction in tetraplegia: clinical experiences in ten patients. Spinal Cord 2000; 38: 244-249.

16.       Spooren AI, Janssen-Potten YJ, Kerckhofs E, Seelen HA. Outcome of motor training programmes on arm and hand functioning in patients with cervical spinal cord injury according to different levels of the ICF: a systematic review. J Rehabil Med 2009; 41: 497-505.

17.       Spooren AI, Janssen-Potten YJ, Post MW, Kerckhofs E, Nene A, Seelen HA. Measuring change in arm hand skilled performance in persons with a cervical spinal cord injury: responsiveness of the Van Lieshout Test. Spinal Cord 2006; 44: 772-779.