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How to use this Website?

This website is for medical and paramedical professionals working in the field of spinal cord injuries. It contains learning modules for the whole team as well as for doctors, nurses, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, assistive technologists, social workers, psychologists and peer counsellors. The modules are intended for medical and paramedical students and junior clinicians. Others who have yet not assimilated sufficient knowledge on comprehensive management.

Gait: understanding movement

1.         Chafetz RS, Johnston TE, Calhoun CL. Outcomes in upright mobility in individuals with a spinal cord injury. Top Spinal Cord Inj Rehabil 2005; 10: 94-108.

2.         Eng JJ, Levins SM, Townson AF, Mah-Jones D, Bremner J, Hutson G. Use of prolonged standing for individuals with spinal cord injuries. Phys Ther 2001; 81: 1392-1399.

3.         Field-Fote EC. Spinal cord control of movement: implications for locomotor rehabilitation following spinal cord injury. Phys Ther 2000; 80: 477-484.

4.         Field-Fote EC, Fluet GG, Schafer SD, Schneider EM, Smith R, Downey PA. et al. The Spinal Cord Injury Functional Ambulation Inventory (SCI-FAI). J Rehabil Med 2001; 33: 177-181.

5.         Field-Fote EC, Lindley SD, Sherman AL. Locomotor training approaches for individuals with spinal cord injury: a preliminary report of walking-related outcomes. J Neurol Phys Ther 2005; 29: 127-137.

6.         Graziani V, Crozier K, Selby - Silverstein L. Lower extremity function following spinal cord injury. Top Spinal Cord Inj Rehabil 1996; 1: 46-55.

7.         Kay ED, Deutshc A, Wuermser LA. Predicting walking at discharge from inpatient rehabilitation after a traumatic spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2007; 88: 745 - 750.

8.         Lam T, Eng JE, Wolfe DL, Hsieh JTC, Whittaker M. A systematic review of the efficacy of gait rehabilitation strategies for spinal cord injury. Top Spinal Cord Inj Rehabil 2007; 13: 32-57.

9.         Lam T, Noonan V, Eng J, Team tSR. A systematic review of functional ambulation outcome measures in spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 2008; 46: 246-254.

10.       Lam T, Wolfe DL, Hsieh JTC, Whittaker MW, Eng JE. Lower limb rehabilitation following spinal cord injury. In: Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation Evidence, Eng JJ, et al., Editors. 2007: Vancouver. pp 6:1 - 6:37.

11.       Lapointe R, Lajoie Y, Serresse O, Barbeau H. Functional community ambulation requirements in incomplete spinal cord injured patients. Spinal Cord 2001; 39: 327-335.

12.       Mehrholz J, Kugler J, Pohl M. Locomotor training for walking after spinal cord injury. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2008: CD006676.

13.       Nene AV, Hermens HJ, Zilvold G. Paraplegic locomotion: a review. Paraplegia 1996; 34: 507-524.

14.       Paul SS, Ada L, Canning CG. Automaticity of walking - implications for physiotherapy practice. Phy Ther Reviews 2005; 10: 15-23.

15.       Racette WL. Orthotics: Evaluation, prognosis, and intervention. In: Umphred DA (ed). Neurological rehabilitation. Mosby, Inc: St Louis, Missouri 2001.

16.       Scivoletto G, Di Donna V. Prediction of walking recovery after spinal cord injury. Brain Res Bull 2009; 78: 43-51.

17.       van Hedel H. Gait speed in relation to categories of functional ambulation after spinal cord injury. Neurorehabil Neural 2009; 23: 343–350.

18.       van Hedel HJ, Wirz M, Dietz V. Assessing walking ability in subjects with spinal cord injury: validity and reliability of 3 walking tests. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2005; 86: 190-196.

19.       van Hedel HJ, Wirz M, Dietz V. Standardized assessment of walking capacity after spinal cord injury: the European network approach. Neurol Res 2008; 30: 61-73.

20.       Wirz M, Zemon DH, Rupp R, Scheel A, Colombo G, Dietz V. et al. Effectiveness of automated locomotor training in patients with chronic incomplete spinal cord injury: a multicenter trial. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2005; 86: 672-680.

21.       Wolpaw JR. Treadmill training after spinal cord injury: good but not better. Neurology 2006; 66: 466-467.