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How to use this Website?

This website is for medical and paramedical professionals working in the field of spinal cord injuries. It contains learning modules for the whole team as well as for doctors, nurses, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, assistive technologists, social workers, psychologists and peer counsellors. The modules are intended for medical and paramedical students and junior clinicians. Others who have yet not assimilated sufficient knowledge on comprehensive management.

Spinal precautions

  1. Acute SCI, How to Minimize the Damage : AJN The American Journal of Nursing. In.
  2. Buckley DA, Guanci MM. Spinal cord trauma. The Nursing clinics of North America 1999; 34: 661-687.
  3. Chiles BW, 3rd, Cooper PR. Acute spinal injury. The New England journal of medicine 1996; 334: 514-520.
  4. Coen SD. Spinal cord injury: preventing secondary injury. AACN clinical issues in critical care nursing 1992; 3: 44-54.
  5. Craven RF, Hirnle CJ. Fundamentals of Nursing: Human Health and Function,  Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2000.
  6. Hultsjö S, Hjelm K. Immigrants in emergency care: Swedish health care staff's experiences. International Nursing Review 2005; 52: 276-285.
  7. Kriss VM, Kriss TC. SCIWORA (Spinal Cord Injury Without Radiographic Abnormality) in Infants and Children. Clinical Pediatrics 1996; 35: 119-124.
  8. Leuning CJ, Swiggum PD, Wiegert HMB, McCullough-Zander K. Proposed Standards for Transcultural Nursing. Journal of Transcultural Nursing 2002; 13: 40-46.
  9. Mattera CJ. Spinal trauma: new guidelines for assessment and management in the out-of-hospital environment. Journal of emergency nursing: JEN: official publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association 1998; 24: 523-534; quiz
  10. Stover SL, Vivo D, J M, Go BK. History, implementation, and current status of the national spinal cord injury database. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation 1999; 80: 1365-1371.