Abbreviation
  1. AA : Alcoholics Anonymous
  2. ABC : airway, breathing,circulation
  3. AD : autonomic dysreflexia
  4. ADL : activities of daily living
  5. AIS : ASIA impairment scale
  6. ALS : advanced life support
  7. ANS : autonomic nervous system
  8. ASIA : American Spinal Injury Association
  9. ASP : aspiration
  10. ATLE : atelectasis
  11. ATLS : advanced trauma life support
  12. ATR : atrophy
  13. AV node : atrioventricular node
  14. A-VO2 : arterio-venous oxygen difference(A-VO2 difference)
  15. BLS : basic life support
  16. BMI : body mass index
  17. BRC : better resourced countries
  18. BSDI : Borg scale dyspnea index
  19. CcW : chest wall compliance
  20. CDC : Centres for Disease Control and Prevention.
  21. CHD : coronary heart disease
  22. CIC : clean intermittent catheterization
  23. CNS : central nervous system
  24. CO : cardiac output
  25. COMT : common object test
  26. COPD : chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
  27. COPM : Canadian Occupational Performance Measure
  28. COTRR : contracture
  29. COX -2 : cyclooxygenase -2
  30. CSF : cerebrospinal fluid
  31. CT : computed tomography
  32. CUE : capabilities of upper extremity instrument
  33. DEFOYS : deformities
  34. DEXA : dual energy x-ray absorptiometry
  35. DEXT : dexterity
  36. DISH : diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis
  37. DREZ : dorsal root entry zone
  38. DSD : detrusor sphincter dyssynergia
  39. DVT : deep vein thrombosis
  40. Dyn : dynamometer
  41. EEJ : electroejaculation
  42. ER : expiratory reserve
  43. ES : electrical stimulation
  44. FIM : Functional Independence Measure
  45. FRC : functional residual capacity
  46. FSH : follicle stimulating hormone
  47. FTG : fatigue
  48. FVC : forced vital capacity
  49. GRT : grasp and release test
  50. HO : heterotopic ossification
  51. HR: heart rate
  52. HRmax : maximum heart rate
  53. HS : hypersensitivity
  54. ICF : international classification of functioning
  55. ICSI : intra cytoplasmic sperm injection
  56. INCSCI : international standard for neurological classification
  57. IPA: independent/individual practice association
  58. IPPB : intermittent positive pressure breathing
  59. IPSC : induced pluripotent stem cells
  60. IRV : inspiratory reserve volume
  61. IT : intra thecal
  62. IUI : intrauterine insemination
  63. IVF :  in vitro fertilisation
  64. IVI : intravaginal insemination
  65. JHFT : Jebsen hand function test
  66. LH : luteinizing hormone
  67. LRC :  less resourced countries
  68. LV : lung volume
  69. MAOI :monoamine oxidase inhibitors
  70. MAS : modified Ashworth scale
  71. MBI: methylene blue instillation
  72. MESA: microsurgical epididymal sperm aspiration
  73. MI :  myocardial infarction
  74. MMT : manual muscle testing
  75. MPI : Multidimensional Pain Inventory
  76. MPQ : McGill pain questionnaire
  77. MRI :  magnetic resonance imaging
  78. MVA :  motor vehicle accidents
  79. NA : nucleus ambiguous
  80. NEROS: nerve roots
  81. NEXUS :  the national emergency x- radiograph utilization study
  82. NGO : non government organization
  83. NMS : neurally mediated syncope
  84. NPT : negative pressure therapy
  85. NSAIDS : nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs.
  86. OT : occupational therapy
  87. P : percussion
  88. PALYSS: paralysis
  89. PD : postural drainage
  90. PE : pulmonary embolus
  91. PID : pelvic inflammatory disease
  92. PNS : parasympathetic nervous system
  93. pnthx,pnx,PTX : pneumothorax
  94. PSA : prostate specific antigen
  95. PSCIR : prospective spinal cord injury register
  96. PSEQ : pain self efficacy questionnaire
  97. PT : physiotherapy
  98. PTS : post traumatic syringomyelia
  99. PTSD : post traumatic stress disorder
  100. PU : pressure ulcer
  101. PVS : penile vibratory stimulation
  102. QCT : quantified computed tomogram.
  103. QIF: quadriplegia index of function
  104. QOL : quality of life
  105. RNA : ribonucleic acid
  106. ROM : range of movement
  107. RTA : road traffic accident
  108. RTC : road traffic crashes
  109. RV : residual volume
  110. SCI : spinal cord injuriy
  111. SCI-FAI : spinal cord injury functional ambulation inventory
  112. SCIM : spinal cord Independence Measure
  113. SCIRE : spinal cord injury rehabilitation evidence.
  114. SCIWORA : spinal cord injuries without radiographic abnormalities.
  115. SDR : selective dorsal rhizotomy.
  116. SF-36 : Short Form-36 General Health Survey
  117. SHFT : Sollerman hand function test.
  118. SIADH : syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone.
  119. SNS: sympathetic nervous system.
  120. SPASY: spasticity.
  121. SSR: surgical sperm retrieval.
  122. SSRI : selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
  123. SV: stroke volume.
  124. TBI: traumatic brain injury.
  125. TCA : tricyclic antidepressant
  126. THAQ : tetraplegia hand activity questionnaire.
  127. TLC: total lung capacity.
  128. TSCI: traumatic spinal cord injuries.
  129. TSH: thyroid stimulating hormone.
  130. TV: tidal volume.
  131. UNCRPD: United nations convention on the rights of persons with disabilities.
  132. UTI: urinary tract infection.
  133. UV Radiation: ultra violet radiation.
  134. V T: : tidal volume.
  135. VAS: visual analogue scale.
  136. VC : vital capacity
  137. VD : vasodilation
  138. VIBJ: vibration VO2 max 
  139. VS : vibrostimulation
  140. VTE: venous thromboembolism
  141. WISCI : walking index for spinal cord injury
  142. WUSPI : Wheelchair User’s Shoulder Pain Index
  143. ΒAR : beta-adrenergic receptors